The diplomatic relations with Cambodia were established on 13 May 1956. In December 1991 the King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk declared recognition of the Russian Federation as the successor of the former USSR. The USSR and afterwards Russia took an active part in resolving the Cambodian conflict, preparation and signing of the Paris agreements on Cambodia in October 1991, as well as in the UN peacekeeping operation in 1991-1993. Russia supported the Cambodian government during the crisis in July 1997, as well as contributed to the restoration of the Cambodian membership in the UN.
In 1995 Russia and Cambodia signed the Joint Declaration on the Foundations of Friendly Relations, the intergovernmental Agreement on Trade and Economic Relations, the intergovernmental Agreement on Cultural and Scientific Cooperation, the Protocol on consultations between the ministries of foreign affairs of both countries. In 2003 the sides also signed the intergovernmental Agreement on Cooperation in the Control of Illicit Trafficking of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.
In May 2001 Hor Namhong, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Kingdom of Cambodia, paid an official visit to the Russian Federation. In April 2004 Sar Kheng, Deputy Prime Minister, Co-Minister of Interior of the Kingdom of Cambodia, was in Moscow on a working visit.
In April 2006 Vyacheslav M. Lebedev, Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, was on his first visit to Cambodia. The Sides agreed to establish cooperation between judicial authorities of both countries. In May 2007 Dith Munti, President of the Supreme Court of the Kingdom of Cambodia, made a reciprocal visit to Moscow and signed the Agreement on interagency cooperation.
Russia and Cambodia make every effort to maintain relations between parliaments. In September 2004 a delegation of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation headed by Y.Medvedev, Vice-Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Economic Policy, Business and Tourism, attended the 25th session of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Organization in Phnom Penh.
In January 2007 a delegation of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia headed by Heng Samrin attended the 15-th Session of the Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF) in Moscow. In November 2008 Valery A.Yazev, Vice-President of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, visited Cambodia. In January 2009 Sergey M.Mironov, Chairman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, had a meeting with Heng Samrin, President the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia, at the 17th Session of APPF in Vientiane, Laos. In October 2009 Oum Sarith, Secretary General of the Senate of Cambodia, paid a visit to Moscow. In November 2009 Heng Samrin, President the National Assembly of Cambodia, visited Russia. In December 2010 Valery A.Yazev in his capacity as the member of the Supreme Council of the "United Russia" party visited Cambodia within the framework of the 6-th General Assembly of International conference of Asian political parties (ICAPP).
Ministries of foreign affairs of both countries also maintain fruitful dialogue. In July 2010 in Hanoi Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey V.Lavrov held a meeting with Hor Namhong within the framework of ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) on Security. In April 2011 Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Alexey N. Borodavkin took part in consultations in Phnom Penh with the Ministry of foreign affairs of Cambodia. 19-20 November Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov as a head of the Russian delegation took part in the 7-th East Asia Summit (EAS) and other high level ASEAN meetings in Phnom Penh. Sergey Lavrov met with Prime Minister of Cambodia Hun Sen.
The trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Cambodia is on the rise. In 2012 bilateral trade turnover between our countries amounted to US$ 94.8 million.
The Russian-Cambodian Intergovernmental Commission for Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation has been functioning since 1997. The Seventh Meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission was held in April 2013 in Phnom Penh. The chairman of the Russian part of the Commission is Alexander V.Radkov, Head of Federal Agency for Tourism of the Russian Federation, the chairman of the Cambodian part – Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Hor Namhong. The activity of Commission is focused on such matters as coordination of trade and economic cooperation, review of legal and commercial aspects of bilateral interaction.
On 29-31 August 2012 Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Russia Alexey Likhachev participated in the 1-st meeting of Ministers of economy of EAS countries held in Siem Reap, Cambodia.
Bilateral military cooperation is also steadily developing. On 8 – 13 September 2011 several Russian Pacific Fleet ships headed by a big antisubmarine ship Admiral Panteleev called at the port of Sihanoukville with a friendly visit. The captains of the ships had meetings with the commanders of the Naval Base Ream. Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of National Defense Mr. Tea Banh visited the ship Admiral Panteleev.
Cooperation between respective agencies in sphere of control of illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs is also strengthening. In June 2005 a delegation of the Federal Drug Control Service (FDCS) of the Russian Federation headed by Alexander V. Fedorov, deputy Director of FDCS, visited Cambodia and signed the Agreement on interagency cooperation with Cambodian National Authority for Combating Drugs. In March 2010 FDCS specialists held a series of lectures in Phnom Penh on the issues of application of antidrug legislation. In March 2011 experts of the Russian Far Eastern institute of professional development under the FDCS visited Phnom Penh.
Media cooperation also has a growing trend. On 22 December 2010 a cooperation Agreement in the field of information exchange between the ITAR-TASS and central Cambodian information agency AKP was signed in Phnom Penh. On 4 July a cooperation Agreement between the RIA NOVOSTI and AKP was signed in Moscow at the World Media Summit. On 24 July 2012 Deputy Minister of telecommunications of Russia A.Malinin visited Phnom Penh. He met with Minister of Information of Cambodia Khieu Kanharith and took part in the ceremony of launching pay digital television project fulfilled by the General Satellite (Saint-Petersburg, Russia) and the Royal Group of companies (Cambodia).
Cooperation in the sphere of tourism is steadily developing: in March 2011 Cambodian delegation headed by Minister of tourism Thong Khon visited the Intourmarket Exhibition in Moscow. Signing of bilateral Joint action work plan on tourism cooperation for 2012-2014 with the Russian counterpart has become an important outcome of the visit. In 2012 nearly 100 000 Russian tourists visited Cambodia, which constitutes 46 % growth over 2011. Over 80 thousand Russians visited Cambodia in the first and second quarter of 2013.
Both countries make effort to strengthen direct links between the capitals. In September 2005 the Phnom Penh Municipality delegation headed by Kep Chuktema, Governor of Phnom Penh, visited Moscow. In December 2010 a Memorandum of Understanding on establishing sister city relations between Russian town Veliky Novgorod and Cambodian Siem Reap province was signed.